Posted tagged ‘essentila’

What CQC outcomes say about Eating and nutritional care pt 2

February 22, 2012

What CQC outcomes say about Eating and nutritional care:

 

What should people who use services

experience?

 

People who use services:

  • Are supported to have adequate nutrition and hydration.

This is because providers who comply with the regulations will:

  • Reduce the risk of poor nutrition and dehydration by encouraging and supporting people to receive adequate nutrtion and hydration
  • Provide choices of food and drink for people to meet their diverse needs, making sure the food and drink they provide is nutritionally
    balanced and supports their health.

Prompts for all providers to consider
The following prompts relate to all registered providers where they prepare,
or support people who use services to prepare, food and drink. The term
‘provide’ means the preparation of food and drink and includes where the
service gives support to people to eat and drink. The food and drink used may
be purchased either by the provider or by the person using the service. These
prompts do not cover the administration of artificial hydration which may be
essential to maintain hydration.

Moving on this week to Outcome 5B

 

5B Where the service provides food and drink, but not when this is in the
person’s own home or Shared Lives arrangement, people have their care,
treatment and support needs met because:
●● A nutritional screening is carried out to identify where they are at risk of
poor nutrition or dehydration when they first begin to use the service and
at regular intervals.

Include nutritional screening as part of the initial assessment process, so difficulties are identified right away and support can be arranged immediately.

This idea can be used in different settings – so seeing how someone else has done it can be useful to you, even if they work in a different area of care.

For example, this idea has been put into practice at Caterham Dene Community Hospital, where all patients are nutritionally screened on admission as part of the assessment process, using the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) (328kb PDF file). This was included in the newsletter Nutrition part 2

This screening immediately identifies any difficulties a patient may have so that appropriate support can be arranged through the dietitian. All meals are supervised by the nursing staff, and the hospital is due to implement protected mealtimes to ensure that mealtimes are uninterrupted and that those with specific needs are easily identified.

For further information contact Eileen Clark, Service Manager. Tel 01737 214846. Email eileen.clark@eastsurrey-pct.nhs.uk.
●● Where a full nutritional assessment is necessary because the nutritional
screening identified risk of poor nutrition and dehydration, this is carried
out by staff with the appropriate skills, qualifications and experience.
●● They have their food and drink intake monitored when they are at risk of
poor nutrition or dehydration and action is taken as necessary.
●● They are not expected to wait for the next meal if their care, treatment and
support means they missed a planned mealtime.

Motivate and encourage people to cook

Support people with gaining the skills and confidence to make simple meals for themselves.

This idea can be used in different settings – so seeing how someone else has done it can be useful to you, even if they work in a different area of care.

For example, this idea has been put into practice by the Leicestershire Home Care Assessment and Reablement Team (HART). This is a specialist team that undertakes a six-week assessment and reablement programme with people who are newly referred for Home Care. The assessment can include observation of nutritional wellbeing (weight/body condition), diet and cooking skills as well as all other daily living tasks.

The team has had success in motivating people to start cooking again or develop the confidence to use equipment such as microwaves. For example, an ex-miner had never made himself a cup of tea or cooked a meal. When his wife died his family thought that would be unable to cope and were considering residential care for him. The HART team went in and encouraged him to use the kettle and the microwave and to make himself simple meals – starting with beans on toast. They encouraged him to go out and he now has his main meal in a local café, he is coping well, to the surprise and delight of his family. HART withdrew as he is now independent.

For further information contact claire.harrison@royalberkshire.nhs.uk
●● The person can choose a balanced diet that is relevant to them as an
individual, taking account of their nutritional status and previous wishes.

Encourage kitchen staff to listen to people’s individual preferences

Ensure that kitchen staff and volunteers engage with people to get feedback on the quality of the food and people’s needs and choices.

This idea can be used in different settings – so seeing how someone else has done it can be useful to you, even if they work in a different area of care.

 

For example, this idea has been put into practice by the Hospice of St Francis. The aim was to deliver personalised, quality, home cooked, nutritious meals for all patients, enhancing the mealtime experience.

The chef was able to demonstrate knowledge of food relating to different illnesses such as diabetes and wheat intolerance. The chef and volunteers meet with people and meal plan to ensure that they understand people’s needs and preferences. The volunteers listen to the cues, such as ‘the meat was lovely, but slightly salty’ and feedback to the chef.

The concept of a chef leaving the kitchen to discuss food in the patient’s individual bedroom and then go back to the kitchen to prepare food caused concerns about infection control. Issues were resolved through detailed discussions and training with the infection control team.

Confidentiality was also an issue. The education team at the hospice organised a training package for the chef and the team of volunteers so that they could understand the importance of confidentiality.

 

Use pictorial menus to help communicate food choices


Use menus with photographs of the food and titles in large print. This can help people with a range of communication difficulties to understand the choices on offer. This idea can be used in different settings – so seeing how someone else has done it can be useful to you, even if they work in a different area of care.

For example, this idea has been put into practice by the Royal Berkshire Hospital, which has developed a set of pictorial menus with photographs, food symbols, and the food name written in large print. There is additional information describing special food types such as puree and easy chew diets and thickened drinks.

This resource can improve meal choices of patients with communication or sensory difficulties, dementia and people who do not speak English as a first language. Consequently, their nutritional status is improved. Staff found they had to spend less time ascertaining patient choices using the new menus and 95 per cent of patients surveyed said they found the menu helpful.

Food symbols were sourced from: www.mayer-johnson.com

For further information contact claire.harrison@royalberkshire.nhs.uk

Advertisements

What CQC outcomes say about Eating and nutritional care:

February 15, 2012

A reminder from last time….. 

What CQC outcomes say about Eating and nutritional care:

 

What should people who use services

experience?

 

People who use services:

  • Are supported to have adequate nutrition and hydration.

This is because providers who comply with the regulations will:

  • Reduce the risk of poor nutrition and dehydration by encouraging and supporting people to receive adequate nutrtion and hydration
  • Provide choices of food and drink for people to meet their diverse needs, making sure the food and drink they provide is nutritionally
    balanced and supports their health.

Prompts for all providers to consider
The following prompts relate to all registered providers where they prepare,
or support people who use services to prepare, food and drink. The term
‘provide’ means the preparation of food and drink and includes where the
service gives support to people to eat and drink. The food and drink used may
be purchased either by the provider or by the person using the service. These
prompts do not cover the administration of artificial hydration which may be
essential to maintain hydration.

Outcome 5A had so much to think about we split it it down further so here is the rest of 5A to explore further…….

5A Where the service provides food and drink, people who use services
have their care, treatment and support needs met because:

●● They have food and drink that:
— are handled, stored, prepared and delivered in a way that meets the
requirements of the Food Safety Act 1990
— are presented in an appetising way to encourage enjoyment
— are provided in an environment that respects their dignity
— meet the requirements of their diverse needs
— take account of any dietary intolerances they may have.
●● They can be confident that staff will support them to meet their eating and
drinking needs with sensitivity and respect for their dignity and ability.

Here’s a suggestion from Social Care Institute for Excellence…

Use a ‘discreet sign’ for people who need assistance with meals

Use a discreet signal to indicate that someone needs assistance with eating, for example a different coloured tray. This saves people the embarrassment of having to ask, or of being asked, if they need help.

This idea can be used in different settings – so seeing how someone else has done it can be useful to you, even if they work in a different area of care.

For example, this idea has been put into practice in hospitals, where using a red tray provides an effective signal to staff without compromising the patient’s dignity. The system is being monitored and refined, but has been found helpful in promoting individual care.

A daily updated list of patients due to receive food on red trays can be included in shift handovers and provided for kitchen staff. A red tray is also a simple reminder to staff to check the patient’s notes for guidance on any specific help or nutritional needs. In several hospitals, the red tray system has been linked with protected mealtimes.
●● They are enabled to eat their food and drink as independently as possible.

There are lots of eating and drinking independent living aids available that will really support this type of independence.

●● All assistance necessary is provided to ensure they actually eat and drink,
where they want to but are unable to do so independently.

Use the ‘knife and fork’ symbol 

Placing a knife and fork symbol near someone’s bed is an easy way to help staff identify which people need support during mealtimes.

This idea can be used in different settings – so seeing how someone else has done it can be useful to you, even if they work in a different area of care.

For example, this idea has been put into practice by United Bristol Healthcare NHS Trust.
●● They have supportive equipment available to them that allows them to eat
and drink independently, wherever needed.
●● They are helped into an appropriate position that allows them to eat and
drink safely, wherever needed.
●● They are not interrupted during mealtimes unless they wish to be or an
emergency situation arises.
●● They will have any special diets or dietary supplements that their needs
require arranged on the advice of an appropriately qualified or experienced
person.
●● They have access to specialist advice and techniques for receiving nutrition
where their needs require it.
●● The service takes into account relevant guidance, including that from the
Care Quality Commission’s Schedule of Applicable Publications (see
appendix B).